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Mt.Baekyangsan Mountain rock photo

Harmony of various rocks, Busan history book

Including pyroclastic rocks created by layers of debris from intense volcanic activity about 80 million years ago, sedimentary rocks deposited in a lake during a pause of volcanic activity and granite interpenetrating them underground, the mountain maps out the geological history development in Busan.

Hiking course for relishing the unique topography of limestone caves, waterfalls, stony slopes, torr and inselberg formed by dissolved calcic paleosols of sedimentary rocks.

Name and history

Baegyangsan Mountain, belonging to the main ridge of Geumjeong mountain range, forms a boundary between Busanji-gu and Sasang-gu. The place name Baegyangsan is not recorded in the 「Records of Dongnae-bu (1740)」, which has a record about a related Buddhist temple name: “Baegyangsa Temple was in Geumyongsan Mountain but not now.” Based on this record, it is assumed that the name Baegyangsan originated from Baegyangsa Temple when the mountain separated from Geumyongsan Mountain after 1740. At the southern foot of the mountain are the Dongpyeong-hyeon castle ruins, where the ruling place of Dongyeong-hyeon (currently Danggam-dong area) was located during the Three Kingdoms period. Seonamsa Temple stands below the eastern foot.

Tourist information

Baegyangsan Aejinbong Peak (Baegyangsan forest trail)

  • Mountain park located at 589 meters on Baegyangsan mountain ridge
  • Home to azalea habitat. Walk along the forest road to the east and down the wooden staircase about 10 minutes to meet Maitreya Buddha Rock on one side of the steep mountain path.

Baegyangsan Nadeul Forest Trail

  • Course 1 Cheongpung(cool breeze)-gil (trail)
    • 5.4㎞ ▪ 90~120 minutes ▪ 396㎉
    • Seongjigok Samhwan APT. – Guard post 1 – Chanmulsaem Mineral Spring – Wetland Eco Experience Center – Seoncheon Mineral Spring – Okcheon Mineral Spring fork – Fire tree fork – Seongjigyo bridge – Children’s Grand Park
  • Course 2 Saeam(spring)-gil
    • 4.4㎞ ▪ 90~120 minutes ▪ 330㎉
    • Children’s Grand Park – Seongjigyo bridge - Fire tree fork – Baram Pass – Haksucheon Mineral Spring – Forest Tree Eco Experience Center –Choyeon Middle School
  • Course 3 Cheongnim(fresh forest)-gil
    • 3.4㎞ ▪ 70~100 minutes ▪ 263㎉
    • Choyeon Middle School – Forest Tree Eco Experience Center – Haksucheon Mineral Spring – Baram Pass – Haeoreum Observation Platform – Heliport – Lovers Trail - Forest fire watchtower – Cypress shelter – Cemetery –Yeonji sports facility – Yeonji Gyeongdong APT. – Dongwon APT.
  • Course 4 Haeoreum(sunrise)-gil
    • 3.6㎞ ▪ 70~100 minutes ▪ 264㎉
    • Dongwon APT. – Gyeongdong APT. –Yeonji sports facility – Cemetery – Cypress shelter – Forest fire watchtower – Lovers Trail - Heliport - Haeoreum Observation Platform - Baram Pass – Forest road – Cheonansa Temple – Hyeopseong Phoenix Town
  • Course 5 Seonam(zen hermitage)-gil
    • 3.1㎞ ▪ 70~100 minutes ▪ 260㎉
    • Hyeopseong Phoenix Town - Cheonansa Temple - Forest fire watchtower –Seonamsa Temple – Forest fire surveillance HQ post – Baekseon Mineral Spring – Danggam Jugong APT.
  • Course 6 Kkotnaeeum(flower scent)-gil
    • 2.3㎞ ▪ 50~80 minutes ▪ 190㎉
    • Danggam Jugong APT. - Baekseon Mineral Spring – Danggam3-dong Poem Tombstone – Forest road (forest fire watchtower) – Yonggol Mineral Spring – Baegyang Tunnel
  • Course 7 Saesori(birdsong)-gil
    • 2.0㎞ ▪ 50~80 minutes ▪ 185㎉
    • Baegyang Tunnel - Yonggol Mineral Spring - Forest road (forest fire watchtower) - Oksu Mineral Spring – Badminton court – Okjeonggyo bridge – Danggam Dongil Suite
  • Course 8 Mulmaji(water drinking or bathing)-gil
    • 2.5㎞ ▪ 60~90 minutes ▪ 198㎉
    • Danggam Dongil Suite - Okjeonggyo bridge - Badminton court - Oksu Mineral Spring - Forest road – Tree nursery – Flower garden – Forest road (Woodvill) – Gaegeum Woodvill
  • Course 9 Haneulbit(sky blue)-gil
    • 2.5㎞ ▪ 60~90 minutes ▪ 198㎉
    • Gaegeum Woodvill - Forest road - Flower garden – Heliport - Gaegeum sports facility – Forest road (Bando Bora) - Stone tower – Stone tower – Gaegeum Bando Bora APT.
  • Course 10 Solbaram(breeze in pine trees)-gil
    • 2.3㎞ ▪ 60~90 minutes ▪ 190㎉
    • Gaegeum Bando Bora APT. - Stone tower – Stone tower – Forest road - Gaegeum sports facility – Sasang-gu fork – Gaerim Primary School

Representative vegetation

Japanese cedar picture

Japanese cedar

Japanese cedar, an evergreen needleleaf tree belonging to the Taxodiaceae genus, was brought from Japan and used as an afforestation species in the south. On Jeju Island, it was commonly planted as a shelterbell for fields and residential areas. Its pollen can cause allergies in the spring.

Japanese cypress picture

Japanese cypress

Japanese cypress, an evergreen needleleaf tree belonging to the Cupressaceae genus, was brought from Japan and used as an afforestation species in the south area. The largest amount of phytoncide, known to help with atopic conditions and skin disease due to its antibacterial and sterilizing effects, is said to be released from Japanese cypress.

Tourist information

Shortcut to Galmaet-gil Course 6
Dongnaeeupseong Fortress picture

Dongnaeeupseong Fortress

Dongnaeeupseong Fortress, constructed during the Joseon Dynasty period and becoming the first target of Japanese invaders during the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, was a deadly battleground. Its remains encapsulate Busan’s history. At total of 1.9㎞ in circumference, the fortress encompasses the center of Dongnae-gu from the mountain behind Chungnyeolsa Shrine. Following its fall by Japanese invaders on Apr. 14, 1592 (25th year of King Seonjo’s reign) despite Dongnae Magistrate Song Sanghyeon’s resistance, the fortress was left alone even after the war ended and was enlarged to the current scale by Dongnae Magistrate Jeong Inseop in 1731. With four gates including east, west, north and hidden ones with turrets on top, poles were placed on high places in the east, west and north in preparation for enemy’s invasion. You can walk all the way round on paths constructed along the ramparts. Dongnaeeupseong History Festival is held there every year.

  • 051) 550-6604
  • Take exit 4 of Dongnae Station on Metro line 1 and transfer to bus.
    • Intra-city bus (Maeul) Dongnae-gu No.1-1, (Maeul) Dongnae-gu No. 7 → Get off at “Dongnae Cultural Center
    • Mini bus Dongnae-gu No. 7 → Get off at “Lighthouse Service Area”


Private car/ rental car

By Gyeongbu Highway

  • Route 7 – Geumjeong-ro (250m) → Turn left at highway entrance toward Geumjeong-gu Office (4.7km) → Naeseong Underpass City Hall direction (1.4km) → in 2 o’clock direction at Nat’l Univ. of Education intersection toward Seomyeon intersection (800m) → Turn right at Nammungu intersection toward Court and Public Prosecutors’ Office (3.4km) → Turn right at Simin Library three-way intersection toward Children’s Grand Park (300m)

By Namhae Expressway

  • Naengjeong JC → Namehae Expressway branch line 2 (18.5km) → Dongseo Elevated Bridge Urban Expressway exit in Jurye (Hadan) direction (1.7km) → Gamjeon IC Gamjeon Ramp direction (1.5km) → Hakjang Ramp direction (1.8km) → Gaya-daero (860m) → Turn left at Gaegeum intersection toward Gaegeum Jugong APT.(2.3km) → Jinyang Ramp direction (650m) → Turn left at Jinyang intersection toward City Hall(240m) → Buam Elevated Bridge(460m) → Turn left at Buam intersection toward Children’s Grand Park (1.7km)



  • Seomyeon Station, exit 13 on Metro line 1 and 2 → Transfer to intra-city bus (No. 54, 63, 81 and 133)

Intra-city bus

  • Bus No. 44, 54, 63, 81 and 133 → Get off at “Children’s Grand Park” bus stop → toward Children’s Grand Park

Mini bus

  • Bus Busanjin-gu No. 15 and 17 → Get off at “Children’s Grand Park” bus stop → toward Children’s Grand Park

Information on tourist attractions

Children’s Grand Park picture

Children’s Grand Park

The 4,980,530㎡ Children’s Grand Park, located at the foot of Baegyangsan Mountain, is an urban natural park with dense groves of various trees, including evergreen needleleaf Japanese cedar and cypress. The park, boasting beautiful scenery of varying colors according to the season, is an ideal place for strolling around and enjoying nature. It is also a good venue for meetings and picnics with family and lovers, with diverse attractions and amusements. Further, the park is fully equipped with educational facilities, including Busan Educational and Cultural Center for Students, with cultural and recreational facilities for youths, Children’s Center for science education, and Forest Experience Center.

* Please move left and right to check the contents.
Entry Children’s Center, Student Center, Traffic Education Center Summer season (Mar. ~ Oct.) 10:00~18:00
Winter season (Nov. ~ Feb.) 10:00~17:00
Walkway and pedestrian passage 04:00~24:00
  • 051) 860-7848
  • Metro Line
    • Take exit 13 of Seomyeon Station on Metro line 1 and 2 and transfer to bus.
    • Take exit 8 of Geoje Station on Metro line 3 and transfer to bus.
  • Intra-city bus No. 33, 44, 54, 63, 81, 83-1 and 133 → Get off at “Children’s Grand Park”